After the theft, pretty impossible unless prepared for beforehand.
Microsoft/google kind of allow "track my laptop" thing, if set to be tracked beforehand, that only tells general idea and ONLY if it is connected to internet.
And that only works if the people who stole it, don't do the "wise" option of factory resetting it, in which case said options go out of window.
Same applies to services offered by some antivirus softwares.
The tracking needs internet access for laptop and the software to tell it to do it, doing it with serial number only is not going to happen.